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  • 当前位置:首页> 贸易政策审议 > 2007年> 2007年6月WTO对印度尼西亚贸易政策审议


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    27 and 29 June 2007

    Concluding remarks by the Chairperson

    The fifth Trade Policy Review of Indonesia has considerably improved our understanding of Indonesia's trade and trade-related policies since 2003 and the challenges it faces in sustaining, and indeed improving, its economic growth. I am grateful to Director-General Herry Soetanto and his delegation, the Discussant, Ambassador Mia Horn Af Rantzien of Sweden, as well as Members of the TPRB for contributing to the meeting's useful exchange of views. Indonesia's response to the large number of questions is also much appreciated.
    Members commended Indonesia on its impressive economic performance, with annual GDP growth averaging over 5% between 2003 and 2007. At the same time, macroeconomic vulnerabilities have declined, despite a daunting number of natural catastrophes and setbacks. To many Members, fiscal consolidation appeared to be the hallmark of economic policy with the narrowing of the fiscal deficit, the reduction in public debt and the consequent overall improvement in Indonesia's external position. However, the low level of taxes relative to GDP appears insufficient to meet its developmental needs. Members commended Indonesia's ambitious reform programme, covering infrastructure, investment and the financial sector, which aims to improve economic growth, increase employment and reduce poverty.
    Nevertheless, they noted that continued economic reforms — in particular measures to improve the investment climate and infrastructure investment — were necessary to help sustain higher rates of growth of between 6% and 7% in the short term in order to help reverse the rising trend in unemployment. Several Members noted that the recent passage of the new Investment Law constituted, in principle, a positive step in improving Indonesia's investment climate for both foreign and domestic investors. However, some Members also pointed out that there remained a number of unresolved issues regarding the law's implementation, notably the uncertainty for investors regarding the transparency and scope of the new negative list of sectors that was under preparation. Such uncertainty could hamper attainment of the Government's stated objective of attracting foreign direct investment, which, a decade after the Asian financial crisis, still remains at a low level, implying that significant barriers persist.
    Members appreciated that Indonesia had reduced its average applied MFN tariff to 9.5% in 2006; but it was noted that products such as alcoholic beverages and cars were subject to relatively high tariffs of over 60%. Indonesia, which has bound over 93% of its tariff lines, was urged by some Members to bind all of its tariff lines and to bring them more in line with its applied rates, thereby improving the predictability of its tariff regime.
    Members commended Indonesia for measures undertaken to improve governance, to the benefit of the business climate, and encouraged Indonesia to continue its efforts. They also commended Indonesia for its efforts to strengthen protection of intellectual property rights by improving its legal framework to combat violations as well striving to assure effective implementation. Some Members enquired about progress in labour market and tax reform. Members applauded Indonesia for its efforts on customs reform and for improvements made to the import system. However, specific concerns were raised, inter alia, about arbitrary customs valuation procedures, lack of transparency on the part of customs authorities, discriminatory SPS measures as well as restrictive import licences in the textile sector.
    Indonesia's active role in the multilateral trading system was commended, in particular its leadership role as coordinator of the G-33, and also its role as an active member of the Cairns Group and the G-20. Indonesia was well placed to contribute to the development of special products, SSMs and other provisions for developing countries and Members encouraged it to continue to work constructively to resolve outstanding issues to bring the Doha Round to a successful conclusion. Members also noted Indonesia's involvement in promoting regional trade liberalization through APEC and ASEAN as well as through bilateral trade agreements.
    Members noted the improved performance of a number of Indonesia's services sectors, such as telecommunications and financial services where reform has been most marked. Nonetheless, some noted that reforms in services had been uneven and limited in scope, and foreign investment restrictions remained. They were also concerned that inadequate infrastructure, particularly in transport, remained a bottleneck for a country that consists of thousands of islands.
    This Review has been most informative and has afforded many useful insights into Indonesia's trade policies and practices and the challenges it faces. I would once again like to thank the Indonesian delegation, the discussant, and Members for contributing to an enlightening two days of discussions. We look forward to receiving Indonesia's responses to outstanding questions within the next month.